TIRANA, August 28
The Austrian Central Bank has published a few days ago the results of a survey carried out at the end of 2017, regarding the Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe (CESEE) countries. The report revealed that 8.3% of the individuals able for work (25-64 years old), aim to immigrate within a year of the survey, and these trends are more pronounced in Albania, North Macedonia, and Serbia.
The survey that consisted of questioning 1000 individuals of 15 years of age and older, in the CESEE countries also showed that the young people and males are the ones who want to immigrate mostly, and the plans for immigrations do not change regardless of income. The country with the most people who want to immigrate abroad is North Macedonia (17.8%), followed by Albania (11.8%), Serbia (10.4%), and the lowest in the Czech Republic (1.9%) and Poland (4.3%).
People who live in regions with high average incomes, low levels of unemployment and a dynamic economy tend to be less likely to migrate. The unemployment, and the level of income, rather than the rate of economic growth, are the main reasons that influence individuals from these countries to immigrate. Also, the lack of trust in public institutions has pushed more people from the Western Balkans to move abroad. But as the migration from the Balkan region, is stimulated by the economic factors, in the last years the migration for non-economic reasons is growing too.
Results show that especially between 2010-2015, the intention to immigrate were increased more, and the quality of life is taking an important role in deciding to move abroad. Reasons such as better education for the children, a better quality of life in terms of services and environmental issues are the new trends of intending to migrate for the Europeans from CESEE countries.
However, the study shows that generally those who plan to migrate realize this goal, but not always. In all the previous surveys done in Europe, even in the most developed countries, the experience has shown that those who confirmed to wanting to immigrate, have reached the goal within 2 or 3 years of the survey, except those who had health problems.