Flag_of_Albania.svg Republic of Albania

Fact Sheet

 

Location: Europe (Southeast Europe)
Bordered by Montenegro (north) – 186 km
Kosovo (northeast) – 112 km
Macedonia (east) – 181 km
Greece (southeast/south) – 212 km

Language: Albanian

Population (2015): 2,893,005

Capital: Tirana (the largest city)

Area (total): 28,748 km2

GDP (January 2015): $32.259 billion (total)

Currency: ALL (Albanian Lek)

Calling Code: +355

Internet TLD: .al

Highest point: Mount Korab, 2,764 m

Lowest point: Adriatic Sea, 0 m

Coastline: 362 km

Longest river: Drin River, 335 km

Largest inland lake:  Shkodra Lake (Buna), 530 km2

Climate: Mediterranean climate (Mild temperate)

Terrain: Mountains, hills, small plains along coast

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite,
chromites, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

 


 

Map of Albania

map of Albania

 


 

Historical dates

 

1912 Albanian Declaration of Independence

Declaration of independence of the Albanian Vilayet from the Ottoman Empire which was proclaimed in Vlorë on 28 November 1912.

1912–14 Independent Albania 

Parliamentary state and assembly established in Vlorë on 28 November 1912. The government and senate were established on 4 December 1912. Leader – Ismail Qemajli.

1914–25 Principality of Albania

Short-lived monarchy headed by William, Prince of Albania, until the abolition of the monarchy in 1925.

1925–28  Albanian Republic

Official name as enshrined in the Constitution of 1925. A protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy after the Treaties of Tirana of 1926 and 1927.

1928–39  Kingdom of Albania       

Constitutional monarchal rule between 1928 and 1939. A de facto protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy.

1939–43  Albanian Kingdom under Italy

A protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy which led by Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III. Ruled by Italian governors after military occupation by Italy from 1939–43. Ceased to exist as an independent country. Part of the Italian Empire.

1943–44  Albanian Kingdom under Germany

A de jure independent country, between 1943 and 1944. Germans took control after the Armistice with Italy on 8 September 1943.

1944–92  People’s Socialist Republic of Albania

From 1944 to 1946 it was known as the Democratic Government of Albania. From 1946 to 1976 it was known as the People’s Republic of Albania.

since 1992  Republic of Albania

In 1991 the Socialist Party of Albania took control through democratic elections. In 1992 the Democratic Party of Albania won the new elections.

 


 

Important institutions

 

Albanian Government

 

List of Ministries of current government

 


Institutions for foreigners

 

 

Important financial institutions

 

 

Albanian news websites

 

 


Profile: Albania

 

International financial institutions

 


International news websites

 

 

Tourism sites